What is a Victim Mentality?

A victim mentality is a pervasive and universal view of oneself as the chronic victim of unfortunate circumstances or the evil actions of others. It’s a somewhat harsh term that can put some people off.

It’s obvious that there are real victims and real perpetrators in this world. And many people who suffer from a victim mentality were victims. Their way of thinking is perfectly grounded in their lived experience.

Maintaining a victim mindset requires holding a particular worldview, and a specific way of thinking about, and explaining one’s life experience. Our nervous systems rely on our experience to protect us and keep us safe.

Installed By Experience

A victim mentality is more often installed by experience than deliberately chosen.

That’s why I think it’s important to refrain from wholesale demonization of people who display a victim mentality.

But not all victim mentality is experience-based. Sometimes it’s just a strategy to get the upper hand in a relationship.

While a victim mentality can be a hallmark of ongoing emotional abuse or developmental trauma, it can also stem from garden variety defensiveness, neurotic coping strategies, manipulation, bad faith, power struggles, or even severe mental illness.

Victim Mentality is a Goal-Oriented Behavior

In other words, I think it’s more important to examine not only the specific origins of an individual’s victim mentality, but it’s also essential to see it as a goal-oriented behavior operating in a particular context.

A victim mindset is a way of explaining the world… or explaining oneself to others. Let’s be gracious for a moment and humanize the victim mindset.

In this blog post, I will focus on the most pervasive sort of victim mentality… the heartfelt feeling that the world has dealt with you harshly, and that you are powerless to do anything about it.

Most of us have occasionally felt sorry for ourselves, and can relate to the notion of “learned helplessness.” Many of us have been there at one difficult time or another. But how do we understand ourselves when our victim mentality becomes an absorbing state of helplessness?

6 Ways to Spot a Victim Mentality

  • Spouses with a victim mentality lack resilience. They are often passive-aggressive and nurture a felt sense of powerlessness.
  • They fail to notice the common element in their unfortunate life story…themselves. They don’t take responsibility for their actions, and as a result, their partners come to realize that they can’t count on them.
  • A partner with a victim mentality typically harbors resentments toward their spouse, often unspoken. They expect to gain sympathy from others, and when they don’t get it, they may become dysregulated.
  • Spouses with a victim mentality sometimes simply don’t show up. They are far more articulate about what they don’t want than what they do.
  • A victim mindset is mostly pessimistic and negative. But more importantly, they take delight in telling their “story.”
  • Spouses on the receiving end of a victim mentality often feel lonely and unsupported. This makes sense. If you can’t successfully navigate your own way through life, how can you offer meaningful support to your spouse?

Why Do Some Spouses Have a Victim Mentality?

Typically, spouses with a victim mentality formed this stance toward the world in childhood. It is often the case that this mindset was modeled or shaped by a parent or caregiver.

In other words, many spouses with a victim mentality come by it honestly. They were dealt a bad parental hand.

Developmental trauma shapes a child to grow up to believe that they are inherently powerless and unworthy, inhabiting an uncertain world alongside significant others who do not care about them.

This toxic narrative informs adult relationships. If the trauma was severe enough, it could easily result in mental illness (such as depression or anxiety). in other cases, the spouse with a victim mentality may have a personality disorder.

I want to be careful here. Not everyone with a victim mentality experienced a traumatic childhood or suffered from anxiety or depression, but that is often the case.

If you never heal from what hurt you, then you will bleed on people who did not cut you. Karen Salmansohn

How Do I Stop Myself from Engaging in a Victim Mentality?

  • Recognize that It’s a Goal-Oriented Behavior. This is the paradox of the victim mindset. You feel the world is a hostile place. You have a powerful story that you tell yourself and others about how powerless you are. Your goal is to be heard, validated, and attended to, and you regularly exercise your personal power toward that end.
  • Acknowledge the Payoff. The first step in overcoming a victim mentality is to acknowledge this payoff. You are not powerless. You are acting in the world. You are simply wielding your story as a blunt instrument.
  •  See How You are Dodging Responsibility. Another benefit of your victim mentality is that you lower expectations while dodging responsibility for doing so. Ultimately this becomes a form of self-betrayal as personal power is subordinated to a perpetually helpless stance toward others in which little is asked… and less is offered. Victims blame others for their misery.
  • Create a New Story. One of the most powerful methods for changing a victim mindset is Narrative Therapy. The reason Narrative  Therapy is so powerful is that it focuses on helping you to transform your “victim” story into a “survivor” story.

victim mentality

A good Narrative Therapist will help you acquire a new perspective. You will feel more empowered to make necessary changes in your thought patterns and behavior.

  • Practice Thinking Outside Your Story. Train your mind to focus on other people. Imagine their struggles and difficulties. Read inspirational biographies. Deliberately interrupt your negative self-talk. Observe how you slide into your story without self-pity or recrimination. Just notice and accept your automatic victim mentality and remind yourself that you want to be different.
  • Cultivate an Attitude of Gratitude. Set an alarm on your smartphone to go off when you know you will be alone. When the alarm sounds, focus your mind for one minute on everything you are grateful for about your life and relationship. If your victim mindset inserts itself, just notice it, and return to deliberately focusing on gratitude.

I cried because I had no shoes until I met a man who had no feet. Sa’di (pen name of Muslih-ud-Din, Persian poet ca. 1184-1291)

Externalize Your Victim Mindset

An Emotionally Focused Couples Therapist might opine that a victim mentality is evidence of an attachment injury.

But a Narrative Therapist would flee from using any diagnostic language that seeks to categorize and define any human experience.

What they would say is if you suffer from a victim mentality, you are not the problem.

The compelling idea of being a victim is the problem.

When you inhabit your relationship with the idea of being a perpetual victim, you are limiting your potential for intimacy and secure attachment.

Final Thoughts On a Victim Mindset

The idea is the problem. And you are perfectly free to embrace and discard ideas as you see fit.

A victim mentality is also related to the idea of inconsolability. People are imperfect. They will disappoint you sometimes, just as you have disappointed them sometimes. Forgiveness, acceptance, and empathy can help you to write a different story.

“If we can forgive what’s been done to us… If we can forgive what we’ve done to others… If we can leave our stories behind. Our being victims and villains. Only then can we maybe rescue the world.” Chuck Palahniuk

Good science-based couples therapy will ask important questions. What feeds this victim mentality? What starves it? What relationship does this victim mentality have to your marriage? And how can you both live moment by moment, choice by choice, a richer and more satisfying life?

Do You Want a Different Story and a Stronger Marriage?

Ready for a change in your relationship?

It starts with a no-obligation 15 minute phone call with our client services team.

Daniel Dashnaw

Daniel is a Marriage and Family Therapist and the blog editor. He currently works with couples online and in person. He uses EFT, Gottman Method, Solution-focused and Developmental Models in his approaches. Daniel specializes in working with neurodiverse couples, couples that are recovering from an affair, and couples struggling with conflict avoidant and passive aggressive behavior patterns.

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  1. I.have to ask what would you call someone who went through 12 years of childhood sexual, emotional, and physical trauma? And if those wounds are still carried with them due to having CPTSD, why would the issue be victim mentality?

    I am a survivor, and that’s how I’ve referred to myself, but I get told I have a victim mentality and I find that unsettling. I’m trying to heal my wounds in therapy. I don’t have responsibility for what happened to me as a child. My responsibility is healing my wounds.

    1. You were a victim of horrifying abuse. Now you are an adult and good for you for getting help. And you are right that you have the responsibility to heal those wounds. A victim mentality is hard to get over, especially when you have BEEN a victim.

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